Diabetes affects 34.2 million people in the United States, yet more than 7 million people are not aware that they have the disease. Diabetes is the leading cause for new cases of blindness among adults in the United States. The major cause of blindness in people with diabetes is called diabetic retinopathy.
Diabetic exam is a comprehensive dilated eye exam. For this test, we use eye drops to widen (dilate) the pupils to allow to better view the inside of the eye. The drops may cause your close vision to blur for four to six hours until the effect of the medication completely wears off. During the exam, the doctor will look for certain characteristics, such as abnormal blood vessels, swelling, blood or fatty deposits in the retina, growth of new blood vessels, abnormalities in the optic nerve head, and retinal detachments. These findings are associated with diabetes and can manifest in diabetic patients even if the blood sugar is under control. Alternatively, your doctor can recommend the Optomap Retinal Exam. Doctor will have a view of approximately 82% of the retina in a single image capture. In most cases, Optomap retinal imaging can replace dilation.